By Rui Diogo
The booklet presents perception at the osteology, myology, phylogeny and evolution of Osteichthyes. It not just offers an intensive cladistic research of osteichthyan higher-level inter-relationships in response to a phylogenetic comparability of 356 characters in eighty extant and fossil terminal taxa representing all significant teams of Osteichthyes, but additionally analyses numerous terminal taxa and osteological characters. and in addition offers a basic dialogue on concerns resembling the comparative anatomy, homologies and evolution of osteichthyan cranial and pectoral muscle tissue, the advance of zebrafish cephalic muscle groups and the consequences for evolutionary developmental experiences, the beginning homologies and evolution of 1 of the main odd and enigmatic structural complexes of osteichthyans, the Weberian gear, and using myological as opposed to osteological characters in phylogenetic reconstructions
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Extra info for The Origin of Higher Clades: Osteology, Myology, Phylogeny and Evolution of Bony Fishes and the Rise of Tetrapods
Lund, 2000). The nine features listed above are thus not necessarily synapomorphies of Polypterus, of the Polypteridae, of the Polypteriformes, or of the Cladistia as a whole; they are rather a mixture of synapomorphies of these different taxa and/or even of more inclusive clades. One example that illustrates this is the presence of an independent, ossified dermohyal (300: 0à1). Within the taxa included in the cladistic analysis, this feature is present only in Polypterus. , 2005). It is outside the scope of the present work to list and discuss all the potential synapomorphies of taxa such as the genus Polypterus, the family Polypteridae, the order Polypteriformes or the Cladistia.
An order †Semionotiformes is also included in this clade by Grande, 2005). Thus, again, it should be kept in mind that the five characters listed above may well be a mixture of synapomorphies of clades as diverse as the genus Lepisosteus, the family Lepisosteidae, the order Lepisosteiformes or the Ginglymodi as a whole. , 1996; Lecointre and Le Guyader, 2001). , 1996; Lecointre and Le Guyader, 2001; Kardong, 2002). A detailed review of the Ginglymodi and of the potential synapomorphies supporting its major subgroups will be given in a voluminous work in progress by Grande and Bemis (see Grande, 2005).
Brachyhypopomus brevirostris: LFEM, 2 (alc). : INHS 89761, 2 (alc). Brycon guatemalensis: MNCN 180536, 3 (alc). Brycon henni: CAS 39499, 1 (alc). Callichthys callichthys: USNM 226210, 2 (alc). Catostomus commersonii: MNCN 36124, 10 (alc). : 86-016-P-72, 3 (alc). Cetopsis coecutiens: USNM 265628, 2 (alc). Chanos chanos: USNM 347536, 1 (alc), LFEM, 1 (alc). Chrysichthys auratus: UNB, 2 (alc). Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus: LFEM, 1 (c&s). Cobitis paludica: MNCN 248076, 7 (alc). 141098, 2 (alc). Danio rerio: MNCN, 10 (alc).