The Greek Chronicles: The Relation of the Septuagint I and by Leslie Allen

By Leslie Allen

Those that have studied the LXX have in general suffered a few of the tortures of Tantalus: the pride of vital discoveries turns out continually to be close by, yet, just like the fruit which hung over Tantalus' head, the discoveries continuously recede sooner than the outstretched hand. The techniques of textual feedback are tricky adequate in classical works, but if all of the difficulties attached with the traditions of the Bible are further, it's most unlikely to set up with absolute sure bet the unique textual content, for, as G. Zuntz saw, "the actual interpreting might be preserved by means of the consensus of all witnesses, or in a single past due inconspicuous manuscript or in none, and essentially the entire intermediate percentages do really occur." back, while one offers with the relation of the LXX to the MT, extra problems come up, for the MT used to be definitely now not the textual content the LXX translators used, and one needs to try and detect the kinfolk of 2 Vorlagen, for either one of which the facts and traditions are obscure.

For these kind of numerous problems, Allen, in those volumes, has made a major contribution to our wisdom of the LXX. His learn is a cautious comparability among the easiest texts of the LXX and the MT of Chronicles. If one accepts, as Allen does, the basis that the LXX translators have been utilizing a Hebrew textual content which used to be essentially the MT, then the author's factors for the Greek diversifications are legitimate and useful.

The first 1/2 Allen's paintings is dedicated to the suggestions of translation - how the order of the phrases is sort of an analogous within the Hebrew and the Greek; how quite a few repeated phrases are passed over. the concept there is a few theological bias at the a part of the translator, Allen, with Orlinsky, correctly rejects. One can't say that Allen has made any daring or startling discoveries in his e-book. What he has performed is to use to Chronicles a number of the checks and practices which others chanced on helpful for various books of the LXX. He has performed his paintings carefully and turns out to not have overlooked any significant contemporary paintings which used to be on hand to him.

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The Greek Chronicles: The Relation of the Septuagint I and II Chronicles to the Massoretic Text, Part 1: The Translator's Craft

Those that have studied the LXX have normally suffered many of the tortures of Tantalus: the pride of important discoveries turns out continually to be within sight, yet, just like the fruit which hung over Tantalus' head, the discoveries consistently recede prior to the outstretched hand. The strategies of textual feedback are tough sufficient in classical works, but if the entire difficulties attached with the traditions of the Bible are further, it truly is very unlikely to set up with absolute simple task the unique textual content, for, as G.

Additional info for The Greek Chronicles: The Relation of the Septuagint I and II Chronicles to the Massoretic Text, Part 1: The Translator's Craft

Example text

55ff. 1 2 26 THE LIE Of' THE LAND and has been omitted accidentally from our sources. The translator, then, aware of such a liturgical connection between the passages, would have made his translation correspond closely. " Gerleman has not exhausted the Pentateuchal references in Par. More will be cited in ch. iv, section 14, and ch. l 4. PARALLEL ASSIMILATION The first specialised attempt to face the problem of parallel assimilation in Par was on a minor scale. E. 2 He went on to trace the parallels between the two texts especially with regard to proper nouns.

Examples are: •• : • .. 31 ,:1:1 ~"iD : : gVAa €K TOU A. XpVU(L)OV TOU €K @. 7TAo'ia/ov €K B. TWV apxovTwV (TWV) am) B. 10 Benzinger, followed by Curtis, was incorrect in suggesting that the LXX presupposes tl~~17~ :'IiD17~ for tl~17~17~ '~ on the basis of epyov €K gVAWV. 7. NOUNS (i) 1:1 is widely used in Chron both literally and figuratively. The translator has two ways of dealing with the literal usage: he uses both vLos- and a TOU or TOU. g. 12. As to the figurative uses both mechanical and periphrastic renderings occur.

2 This chapter has surveyed only four major areas of this field of study. Obviously there is much detailed work accomplished hitherto which will be best left until its subject-matter arises in the course of study. But a few comments may conveniently be recorded at this point. It is a truism to speak of the LXX as a medium of interpretation. This line of approach has been explored by V. M. 3 He envisages five levers at work bending the translation away from its Heb Vorlage: an exalted concept of Yahweh, high regard for David, respect for royalty, esteem for the chosen people and veneration of the Temple and Jerusalem.

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