The Genealogical Construction of the Kyrgyz Republic: by David Gullette University of Cambridge

By David Gullette University of Cambridge

This ebook explores the conceptions of family tree, kinship and 'tribalism' within the intertwined building of personhood and nationwide id within the Kyrgyz Republic. It makes an enormous contribution to numerous theoretical and local debates. First, it engages with broader anthropological literature. family tree, a significant topic of the paintings, is explored not just as an research of relationships, but in addition as a methodological instrument wherein to ascertain society. moment, the ebook contributes to theories of kinship and the kingdom. examine offers special money owed of Soviet and post-Soviet changes, and their effect on people's daily lives. 3rd, the publication fills a niche in Central/InnerAsian literature via targeting social family in the course of a interval of political upheaval.

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Extra resources for The Genealogical Construction of the Kyrgyz Republic: Kinship, State and 'Tribalism'

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2003: 1). The opposition leaders objected to the reintroduction of a proportional majority representation system, which was originally withdrawn during the initial review of constitutional reforms. In their view, this would undermine the efforts to create a party-based parliament. Zaynidin Kurmanov (2004: 13), a leading figure of the Maya Strana (My Country) party, noted: According to [Article 54 Chapter 2] of the Constitution, political parties can nominate their representatives at parliamentary elections, which means that, according to the parliament's earlier decision registered in the election law, the party representatives and independent candidates compete on equal terms.

23 Her account of kinship draws mainly on the work of Evans-Pritchard (1940) and complements it by arguing that kinship structures have a number of internal mechanisms to maintain 32 The Genealogical Construction of the Kyrgyz Republic the presence of 'clans', especially as 'modern organizations' (Collins 2006: 43). She, thus, stresses the primacy of kinship and the strength of its bonds. This creates a type of corporate group, which acts rationally to provide its members with essentials, even during an economy of shortage (as experienced in the Soviet era).

Both of these concepts are surrounded by discursive battles. Political insiders may know each others backgrounds, but where discourse is limited or does not exist, outsiders speculate about the nature of the relationships in politics and include elements of backwardness (or 'pre-modern' elements) about these relationships. He argues that Kazakhstan demonstrates a mixture of clientalism at the centre of politics, but balancing at the periphery, the latter a pragmatic attempt to reduce challenges to politics.

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