Surface Modification of Textiles by Q Wei

By Q Wei

Covering every little thing from conventional answer remedy to organic methods, this ebook experiences basic concerns on the subject of cloth surfaces and their characterization. It explores the intriguing possibilities for floor amendment in a number varied textiles to satisfy specified specifications for varied purposes. Introductory chapters overview a few vital floor amendment strategies hired for better useful habit of textiles and some of the floor characterization tools on hand. extra chapters research the different sorts of floor amendment appropriate for textiles, starting from using plasma remedies and actual vapor deposition, to using nanoparticles. The booklet concludes through discussing floor amendment ideas for varied purposes of textiles.

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The SEM images of the plasma-treated and untreated PP fibres are shown in Fig. 6(a) and (b). It is clear that the plasma treatment etched PP fibres significantly. The etching effect was caused by the bombardment of the fibre surface by active species in plasma radiation. XRD spectra of the samples (Fig. 7) revealed that plasma treatment had no significant effect on the crystallinity of the treated fibres. This was expected because the plasma action is limited to the surface of the fibres. 23 examined the role of (N2, N2 + O2 and O2) post-discharge plasma modification on wool and polyamide fabrics.

FRATONI L AND BAGLIONI P. (2002), Modification of a cellulosic fabric with β-cyclodextrin for textile finishing applications, J. Inclusion Phenom. Macrocyclic Chem. 44, 423–427. LEE M. , YOON K. J. AND KO S. W. (2001), Synthesis of a vinyl monomer containingcyclodextrin and grafting onto cotton fiber, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 80, 438–446. GAWISH S. , RAMADAN A. , MOSLEH S. AND MORCELLET M. (2006), Synthesis and characterization of novel biocidal cyclodextrin inclusion complexes grafted onto polyamide-6 fabric by a redox method, J.

This was expected because the plasma action is limited to the surface of the fibres. 23 examined the role of (N2, N2 + O2 and O2) post-discharge plasma modification on wool and polyamide fabrics. Dynamic contact angle, XPS and SEM were used to characterise the modified wool surfaces and revealed an improved wettability that was attributed to the generation of new chemical groups and the reduction/elimination of the fatty layer on the surface of the wool. Wool exhibits hydrophobic properties as a result of the presence of a thin lipid layer, called a ‘fatty layer’, on the outermost part of the fibres, surrounding each cuticle cell (scale).

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