Science as a Process: An Evolutionary Account of the Social by David L. Hull

By David L. Hull

"Legend is late for substitute, and an sufficient alternative needs to attend to the method of technology as rigorously as Hull has performed. I proportion his imaginative and prescient of a significant account of the social and highbrow dynamics of technology that may stay away from either the rosy blur of Legend and the facile charms of relativism. . . . due to [Hull's] deep drawback with the ways that examine is really performed, technology as a strategy starts off a big venture within the examine of technology. it truly is one among a individual sequence of books, which Hull himself edits."—Philip Kitcher, Nature"In technological know-how as a approach, [David Hull] argues that the strain among cooperation and festival is precisely what makes science such a success. . . . Hull takes an strange method of his topic. He applies the principles of evolution in nature to the evolution of technology, arguing that an identical different types of forces accountable for shaping the increase and death of species additionally act at the improvement of medical ideas."—Natalie Angier, manhattan instances publication Review"By a ways the main expert and thorough case in favour of an evolutionary philosophy of science ever to were made. It includes very good brief histories of evolutionary biology and of systematics (the technology of classifying residing things); a tremendous and unique account of contemporary systematic controversy; a counter-attack opposed to the philosophical critics of evolutionary philosophy; social-psychological proof, gathered by means of Hull himself, to teach that technological know-how does have the nature demanded via his philosophy; and a philosophical research of evolution that's common sufficient to use to either organic and old change."—Mark Ridley, occasions Literary Supplement"Hull is essentially attracted to how social interactions in the clinical group might help or prevent the method during which new theories and strategies get accredited. . . . The declare that technology is a procedure for choosing out the simplest new principles isn't a brand new one, yet Hull tells us precisely how scientists cross approximately it, and he's ready to simply accept that at the least to some degree, the social actions of the scientists selling a brand new thought can impact its probabilities of being accepted."—Peter J. Bowler, information of usual History"I were doing philosophy of technology now for twenty-five years, and when i'd by no means have claimed that I knew every thing, I felt that I had a truly sturdy deal with at the nature of technological know-how, repeatedly, Hull was once in a position to express me simply how incomplete my realizing used to be. . . . in addition, [Science as a method] is among the such a lot compulsively readable books that i've got ever encountered."—Michael Ruse, Biology and Philosophy

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Extra info for Science as a Process: An Evolutionary Account of the Social and Conceptual Development of Science (Science and Its Conceptual Foundations)

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Die Argumentation hier soll zusätzlich um einige Aspekte aus dem damals neu entstehenden Gebiet der Genetik erweitert werden. Dabei zeigt sich, daß insbesondere neue Erkenntnisse über den Ursprung der Variation entscheidende Impulse zur Klärung obiger Fragen brachten. 2 Grundlegende Begriffe der Genetik Nach der Wiederentdeckung der Mendelschen Vererbungslehre um die Jahrhundertwende entwickelte sich die Genetik sehr schnell zu einer autonomen Wissenschaft. Den Terminus technicus "Gen" zur Bezeichnung der materiellen Basis eines erblichen Merkmals führte erstmals der dänische Genetiker Johannsen im Jahre 1909 ein.

Für Unternehmer wäre dies beispielsweise die Erwartung von Profiten. 2 DARWINS EVOLUTIONSTHEORIE 25 nen zu betrachten. Die meisten Arbeiten zur Evolution von Organisationen, insbesondere die empirischen, befassen sich ausschließlich mit der Gründung und Selektion ganzer Unternehmen. Auf diese Weise läßt sich zwar industrieökonomisch die Veränderung von Organisationspopulationen beschreiben, den Wandel einzelner Organisationen kann man so jedoch nicht erfassen. 15 Tatsächlich kann man die Prinzipien der natürlichen Selektion auch ohne eine Reproduktion im biologischen Sinn anwenden.

Freeman 1982, S. 19). Bei einer Fusion bringen die beteiligten Organisationen ihre Merkmale in unterschiedlicher Ausprägung in den resultierenden Zusammenschluß ein. Diese Arten der Reproduktion haben aber qualitativ nichts mit der Übertragung und Rekombination eines genetischen Programms gemein, wie dies bei Lebewesen der Fall ist. Darüber hinaus stellt sich die Frage, ob es je nach Untersuchungsgegenstand überhaupt sinnvoll ist, verschiedene Generatio14Hier liegt die Annahme zugrunde, daß sich ökonomische Organisationen frei bilden können und ein Marktzutritt möglich ist.

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