By Conor O'Dwyer
Here, Conor O'Dwyer introduces the phenomenon of runaway state-building as a result of patronage politics in underdeveloped, noncompetitive social gathering structures. reading the situations of 3 newly democratized international locations in jap Europe -- Poland, the Czech Republic, and Slovakia -- O'Dwyer argues that pageant between political events constrains patronage-led country expansion.
O'Dwyer makes use of democratization as a kick off point, studying its results on different facets of political improvement. concentrating on the hyperlink among electoral pageant and state-building, he's capable of draw parallels among the issues confronted through those 3 countries and broader historic and modern difficulties of patronage politics -- corresponding to city machines in nineteenth-century the USA and the Philippines after Marcos.
This well timed examine presents political scientists and political reformers with insights into issues within the democratization strategy the place acceptable intervention can reduce runaway state-building and domesticate effective forms inside a strong and aggressive democratic system.
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Additional resources for Runaway State-Building: Patronage Politics and Democratic Development
Without the communist enemy, these informally organized dissident movements collapsed entirely, riven by internal conﬂicts and spawning new, constantly subdividing factions. Solidarity was the most dramatic example of this failure to translate the shared experience of opposition into organizational capital, but the same process occurred with the Czech Civic Forum (OF) and the Slovak Public Against Violence (VPN), all of which had been eliminated or totally weakened by . 17 As Ken Jowitt has described the culture of political nonengagement under communism, “The Party’s political monopoly and punitive relation to the population produced a ‘ghetto’ political culture in Eastern Europe.
The conclusion addresses three questions that spring from the previous chapters’ analysis of state-building and democratization in Poland, the Czech Republic, and Slovakia. First, are there institutional mechanisms for strengthening party competition and constraining party patronage in new democracies? Second, how sustainable is runaway state-building over the long term? Finally, what are its implications for the study of comparative politics? The Concept and Causes of Runaway State-Building The stakes in the new democracies in Eastern Europe are large, with the state, in eﬀect, being up for grabs.
21 If postcommunist electorates have been deaf to external mobilization, the activists and leadership of a great many parties have also demonstrated a weak commitment to programmatic ideals and a proclivity for political opportunism. The half-life of political parties in new democracies like those of Eastern Europe is much shorter than in established democracies, which increases politicians’ uncertainty about the future. If their party enters future elections weakened by the defection of a popular leader—or even if the party no longer exists at all—their careers could easily be cut short.