By Enrique Saldivar-Guerra, Eduardo Vivaldo-Lima
Overlaying a wide diversity of polymer technological know-how themes, Handbook of Polymer Synthesis, Characterization, and Processing offers polymer pros and researchers in polymer technological know-how and expertise with a unmarried, accomplished guide summarizing all facets thinking about the polymer construction chain. The guide makes a speciality of industrially very important polymers, analytical ideas, and formula equipment, with chapters masking step-growth, radical, and co-polymerization, crosslinking and grafting, response engineering, complicated expertise purposes, together with conjugated, dendritic, and nanomaterial polymers and emulsions, and characterization equipment, together with spectroscopy, mild scattering, and microscopy.Content:
Chapter 1 advent to Polymers and Polymer forms (pages 1–14): Enrique Saldivar?Guerra and Eduardo Vivaldo?Lima
Chapter 2 Polymer States and homes (pages 15–39): J. Betzabe Gonzalez?Campos, Gabriel Luna?Barcenas, Diana G. Zarate?Trivino, Arturo Mendoza?Galvan, Evgen Prokhorov, Francisco Villasenor?Ortega and Isaac C. Sanchez
Chapter three Step?Growth Polymerization (pages 41–63): Luis E. Elizalde, Gladys de los Santos?Villarreal, Jose L. Santiago?Garcia and Manuel Aguilar?Vega
Chapter four loose Radical Polymerization (pages 65–83): Ramiro Guerrero?Santos, Enrique Saldivar?Guerra and Jose Bonilla?Cruz
Chapter five Coordination Polymerization (pages 85–104): Joao B. P. Soares and Odilia Perez
Chapter 6 Copolymerization (pages 105–125): Marc A. Dube, Enrique Saldivar?Guerra and Ivan Zapata?Gonzalez
Chapter 7 Anionic Polymerization (pages 127–162): Roderic Quirk
Chapter eight Cationic Polymerizations (pages 163–185): Filip E. Du Prez, Eric J. Goethals and Richard Hoogenboom
Chapter nine Crosslinking (pages 187–204): Julio Cesar Hernandez?Ortiz and Eduardo Vivaldo?Lima
Chapter 10 Polymer amendment: Functionalization and Grafting (pages 205–223): Jose Bonilla?Cruz, Mariamne Dehonor, Enrique Saldivar?Guerra and Alfonso Gonzalez?Montiel
Chapter eleven Polymer ingredients (pages 225–247): Rudolf Pfaendner
Chapter 12 Polymer response Engineering (pages 249–271): Alexander Penlidis, Eduardo Vivaldo?Lima, Julio Cesar Hernandez?Ortiz and Enrique Saldivar?Guerra
Chapter thirteen Bulk and resolution tactics (pages 273–294): Marco A. Villalobos and Jon Debling
Chapter 14 Dispersed?Phase Polymerization methods (pages 295–315): Jorge Herrera?Ordonez, Enrique Saldivar?Guerra and Eduardo Vivaldo?Lima
Chapter 15 New Polymerization approaches (pages 317–334): Eduardo Vivaldo?Lima, Carlos Guerrero?Sanchez, Christian H. Hornung, Irais A. Quintero?Ortega and Gabriel Luna?Barcenas
Chapter sixteen Polymer Spectroscopy and Compositional research (pages 335–354): Gladys de los Santos?Villarreal and Luis E. Elizalde
Chapter 17 Polymer Molecular Weight dimension (pages 355–366): Maria Guadalupe Neira?Velazquez, Maria Teresa Rodriguez?Hernandez, Ernesto Hernandez?Hernandez and Antelmo R. Y. Ruiz?Martinez
Chapter 18 gentle Scattering and its functions in Polymer Characterization (pages 367–389): Roberto Alexander?Katz
Chapter 19 Small?Angle X?Ray Scattering of Polymer platforms (pages 391–407): Carlos A. Avila?Orta and Francisco J. Medellin?Rodriguez
Chapter 20 Microscopy (pages 409–424): Mariamne Dehonor, Carlos Lopez?Barron and Christopher W. Macosko
Chapter 21 constitution and Mechanical homes of Polymers (pages 425–434): Manuel Aguilar?Vega
Chapter 22 Polymer Rheology (pages 435–449): Estanislao Ortiz?Rodriguez
Chapter 23 ideas of Polymer Processing (pages 451–461): Luis F. Ramos?De Valle
Chapter 24 Blown motion pictures and Ribbons Extrusion (pages 463–472): Jorge R. Robledo?Ortiz, Daniel E. Ramirez?Arreola, Denis Rodrigue and Ruben Gonzalez?Nunez
Chapter 25 Polymer suggestions and Processing (pages 473–491): Damaso Navarro Rodriguez
Chapter 26 wooden and common Fiber?Based Composites (NFCs) (pages 493–503): Jorge R. Robledo?Ortiz, Francisco J. Fuentes?Talavera, Ruben Gonzalez?Nunez and Jose A. Silva?Guzman
Chapter 27 Polymer Blends (pages 505–517): Saul Sanchez?Valdes, Luis F. Ramos?De Valle and Octavio Manero
Chapter 28 Thermosetting Polymers (pages 519–533): Jean?Pierre Pascault and Roberto J. J. Williams
Chapter 29 undertaking Polymers (pages 535–557): Maria Judith Percino and Victor Manuel Chapela
Chapter 30 Dendritic Polymers (pages 559–584): Jason Dockendorff and Mario Gauthier
Chapter 31 Polymer Nanocomposites (pages 585–604): Octavio Manero and Antonio Sanchez?Solis
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Extra resources for Handbook of Polymer Synthesis, Characterization, and Processing
3 (a) A statistical discrete distribution (density) function f of the discrete random variable yi . (b) Example of a discrete molecular weight distribution of a polymer represented as the number distribution fxn (or number fraction) of the discrete variable Mx . 6), respectively. 4) in that order) that Mw = μ2 μ1 is deﬁned as Mν = μα+1 μ1 It should be emphasized that the discrete variable used here is Mx . 17) need to be multiplied by M0 . 19) in which [η] is the intrinsic viscosity of a polymer solution and K and α are constants at a given temperature and for a given pair polymer–solvent .
The chain growth occurs by steps; at each step, a reaction between the functional groups belonging to two monomers or chains occurs. If M1 denotes monomer, M2 dimer, M3 trimer, and so on, the mechanism can be schematically represented as follows: M1 + M1 → M2 M1 + M2 → M3 4 IUPAC only deﬁnes the term polycondensation, but no condensation polymers; however this last classiﬁcation is of widespread use. R + M → P1 Propagation : Pn + M → Pn+1 Termination : Pn + Pm → Dn + Dm or Dn+m In the initiation steps, the initiator I decomposes generating two active centers (primary radicals) R, which react with a monomer M to produce an active polymer of length 1, P1 , having an active center.
2 IUPAC Structure-based Nomenclature The IUPAC nomenclature is not discussed here in detail, only the main idea behind it. Complete details can be found in the text by Odian  or in the original source . The IUPAC rules for naming polymers are applicable to single-strand polymers, which are those comprising constitutional units connected in such a way that adjacent constitutional units are linked one to another by two atoms, one on each constitutional unit. The large majority of common polymers are single-strand ones.