By H. A. McKenna, J.W.S. Hearle, N. O'Hear
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Extra info for Handbook of Fiber Rope Technology
For polyester in air, this length is three times greater than for steel and in water it is more than ten times greater. Although the use of improved steels, and measures such as expensive flotation, which is difficult to handle and maintain, have enabled steel moorings to go to greater depths, polyester moorings are increasingly preferred beyond 1000 metres. The use of fibre ropes in demanding engineering applications has led to a change of culture, which contrasts with the age-old basis of craft experience and trial-anderror.
Individual drives by electric motors, modern electronics and control engineering, and computer-controlled operation have been introduced. Continuity of production has been enhanced by linking strand formation and rope laying into a single machine, such as that shown in Fig. 13(a). Operations in a moderm ropemaking factory are shown in Fig. 13(b). 4 Rope uses The familiar uses of ropes, which have been around for hundreds and thousands of years, continue today in the sales of industrial suppliers, hardware stores, ships’ chandlers, and yachting and climbing shops.
Simpler working models of the structure, such as Fig. 6(b), are often drawn. Characteristic features are brick-like crystals of dimensions in the order of 5 nm, with some chains folding back at the ends of the crystallites and others fringing off as tie-molecules, which pass through disordered regions to join other crystallites. The detailed structure will vary with the thermo-mechanical history of the fibres, and, in some circumstances, the order/ disorder is more uniformly distributed, as suggested by Fig.