A one-stop source for either researchers and improvement engineers, this entire guide serves as an everyday reference, exchanging lots of person papers.
This moment variation positive factors twenty percentage extra content material with new chapters on battery characterization, technique know-how, failure mechanisms and process improvement, plus up to date info on vintage batteries in addition to solely new effects on complicated approaches.
The authors, from such best associations because the US nationwide Labs and from businesses akin to Panasonic and Sanyo, current a balanced view on battery study and large-scale purposes. They stick to a surprisingly materials-oriented path during the complete box of battery examine, hence permitting readers to fast locate the data at the specific fabrics process correct to their learn.
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Extra resources for Handbook of Battery Materials, Second Edition
Applications for traditional and new practical battery systems are increasing, and the market for lithium-ion batteries and nickel–MH batteries has grown remarkably. This chapter deals with consumer-type batteries, which have developed relatively recently. 2 Alkaline-Manganese Batteries Batteries using an alkaline solution as the electrolyte are commonly called alkaline batteries. They are high-power owing to the high conductivity of the alkaline solution. Alkaline batteries include primary batteries, typical of which are alkaline-manganese batteries, and secondary batteries, typical of which are nickel–cadmium and nickel–MH batteries.
Today’s battery performance has greatly improved. 5 times higher than that of conventional batteries . 4 shows a comparison of the discharge characteristics of cells between newly developed and conventional types. Therefore, alkaline-manganese batteries have become more suitable than they once were when requiring a high discharge current. 3 Nickel–Cadmium Batteries The nickel–cadmium battery  has a positive electrode made of nickel hydroxide and a negative electrode in which a cadmium compound is used as the active material.
This is caused by an incomplete conversion of the charging current into utilizable reaction products. Useless side reactions with heat production may occur. Here, numerous parameters are important such as the current density, the temperature, the thickness, the porosity of the separator, and the age of the cell. There are two possible ways to describe the efﬁciency of batteries – the coulometric efﬁciency and the energy efﬁciency. 34) The reciprocal value f = q 1 of the coulometric efﬁciency is called the charging Ah factor.