By George Wypych, Jurgen Pionteck
Handbook of Antistatics, moment Edition, is the single accomplished guide to hide all features of antistatic brokers, together with a whole assessment of latest literature and patent info on ingredients able to enhancing houses of fabrics to lead them to antistatic, conductive, and/or EMI shielding.
Information at the use of additions in a number of polymers is split into kinds and concentrations of antistatics used, the aptitude influence of antistatics at the polymer and different ingredients, and examples of standard formulations used for processing of polymers containing the antistatic additive.
Each bankruptcy addresses particular houses and functions of antistatic brokers, together with tools of qc, compatibility of antistatic brokers, and numerous polymer matrices (along with functionality implications), incorporation tools, overall healthiness and defense, and environmental implications.
- Includes every thing engineers and fabrics scientists want to know concerning the use of antistatics in polymers, from incorporation equipment, to rules and standards
- Presents a mixture of updated homes information and authoritative research of fabrics performance
- Contains targeted insurance of processing tools, giving info at the quantity and sort of antistatics utilized in every one processing strategy, besides the common formulations used
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Extra resources for Handbook of Antistatics
1 to 50 s-1 can be measured by the standardized method. The standard describes three methods of measurement. Method A is used to measure apparent viscosity of a material by recording torque with a spindle rotating at constant speed. s) is calculated by multiplication of a scale reading of a viscometer by a scale factor, which depends on the spindle number and rotation speed. If the material is Newtonian, its viscosity does not depend on its shear rate and measurement at one speed is sufficient.
The speed is then decreased with the same steps and torque recorded after ten revolutions at each speed. Finally, the liquid is left to stand for an agreed period of time and the torque measured again at the slowest speed. Viscosity is calculated for each point by the same way as in the method A. Shear thinning index can be calculated by dividing apparent viscosity at the lowest speed by the value of apparent viscosity at the highest speed (typically at 2 and 20 or 5 and 50 rpm). The resultant ratio is an index of shear thinning.
The methods of testing are included in the standard. 56 Papers can also be measured using the general ASTM standard,5 which specifies other equipment used in these measurements. 7 Three types of samples can be used in this method: dumbbells, straight samples, and ring-shaped samples. 3 mm. Most frequently, samples are anisotropic therefore it is important to cut specimens lengthwise along the processing direction. , tapes or tubes). 3 mm. The direction of cutting is not important here. Tensile testing machines are usually equipped with chambers which maintain low or elevated temperatures.