By A. R. Bentley, E. F. Jensen, I. J. Mackay (auth.), Chittaranjan Kole (eds.)
Climate switch is predicted to have a drastic influence on agronomic stipulations together with temperature, precipitation, soil nutrition, and the prevalence of disorder pests, to call a couple of. to stand this looming risk, major development in constructing new breeding innovations has been revamped the previous couple of many years.
The moment quantity of Genomics and Breeding for Climate-Resilient Crops describes quite a few genomic and breeding methods for the genetic development of the foremost objective characteristics. themes coated contain: flowering time; root qualities; chilly, warmth and drought tolerance; water use potency; flooding and submergence tolerance; ailment and bug resistance; nutrient use potency; nitrogen fixation; carbon sequestration; and greenhouse gasoline emissions.
Read Online or Download Genomics and Breeding for Climate-Resilient Crops: Vol. 2 Target Traits PDF
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Extra resources for Genomics and Breeding for Climate-Resilient Crops: Vol. 2 Target Traits
Genome-wide association scans (GWAS) in georeferenced Arabidopsis lines have also identified FRI as a significant genetic component of flowering time (Aranzana et al. 2005). Such results suggest that combinations of allelic series at FLC and FRI may approach a near continuum of vernalization response that adapts plants to local conditions. It should be noted that natural variation at FLC is associated with variation in temperature-dependent seed germination, identifying a broader adaptive significance of the locus (Chiang et al.
Therefore, fine-tuning of flowering time is a major objective of rice breeding programs. In general, alterations in the function of floral pathway genes often cause not only changes in flowering time but also other morphological changes having negative effects on rice growth and yield potential. Therefore, it is impractical to use such genes for the alteration of flowering time in commercial cultivars. On the other hand, a few genes affecting flowering time in rice have been identified and used in rice breeding programs for many years.
Yano, unpublished data).