By Krishna Dronamraju (auth.), Pierre Pontarotti (eds.)
The annual Evolutionary BiologyMeetings in Marseilles serve to assemble major evolutionary biologists and different scientists utilizing evolutionary biology options, e.g. for clinical study. The goals of those conferences are to advertise the alternate of principles and to motivate interdisciplinary collaborations.
This e-book collects 19 chosen contributions awarded on the 15th assembly, which happened in September 2011. It starts off with an outline of the existence and paintings of J.B.S. Haldane, a impressive evolutionary biologist of the 20th century. the rest chapters are grouped below the subsequent 3 themes:
· New ideas in Evolutionary Biology
· Macroevolution: Mechanisms and Trends
· Genome Evolution
Offering an up to date assessment of modern leads to the sector of evolutionary biology, this ebook is a useful resource of data for scientists, lecturers and complicated students.
Read or Download Evolutionary Biology: Mechanisms and Trends PDF
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Extra info for Evolutionary Biology: Mechanisms and Trends
2010). 2 Depletable Resources and Cross-Feeding Environment The environment configuration used here contains two key features that enhance the model world’s ecological realism. First, there are multiple depletable resources, in which use of a resource by one Avidian lowers the availability of that resource for other individuals requiring it. A low concentration of a resource reduces the benefit gained by performing the associated computation, favoring organisms that target under-utilized resources.
These events are certainly remarkable for their destructive aspects; they are perhaps most notable for their marginalization or outright elimination of previously dominant incumbent taxa. Yet, mass extinctions are also a major creative evolutionary force. Removal of long-standing incumbents creates new opportunities for the subsequent evolution and diversification of surviving clades, often ones that were minor components of the pre-extinction biota. Processes of adaptive radiation and convergent evolution can then lead to new dominant taxa and new ecosystems (Martin and Meehan 2005).
2009; Kinnersley et al. 2011). 3 Studying Mass Extinction and Recovery with Digital Evolution Digital evolution offers some compelling advantages for studying mass extinction and recovery. First, and most importantly, it permits a truly manipulative, experimental approach to the problem. The biggest strength is the ability to ‘‘replay life’s tape’’, to use the phrase of Stephen Jay Gould. One may use the 3 Effects of Random and Selective Mass Extinction on Community Composition 49 capabilities of Avida to make changes at specific time points in what would otherwise be identical experimental replicates.