Evolution of Italian Enterprises in the 20th Century by Renato Giannetti (auth.), Prof. Renato Giannetti, Prof.

By Renato Giannetti (auth.), Prof. Renato Giannetti, Prof. Michelangelo Vasta (eds.)

During the 1st two-thirds of the twentieth century the topics of sectorial constitution and in comparison functionality be triumphant in Italian monetary historiography. within the final a part of the century, against this, consciousness is concentrated at the habit of unmarried financial actors and their micro-economic thoughts. This e-book intends to behave as a bridge among the 2 techniques, and reconstructs - via an unique research in accordance with a plurality of methodologies - the secular trip of Italian business company, focusing on the most issues that experience characterised the historic and fiscal debate during time: structural adjustments and monetary progress relative to the succession of technological regimes, the comparability on a world scale, huge and small company, the organizational constitution of possession and regulate, the features of marketers and executives and their strategies.

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The data are available for Italy as a whole, by regione (region), and, sometimes also by provincia (county) and for some major towns. Collecting all these data would have been an impossible task, and therefore the article will deal only with national data. The censuses cover the whole secondary sector, including mining, construction and utilities, but this chapter will focus mainly on manufacturing, divided into light and heavy industries. As a general rule, light industries are featured by a (relatively) low capital intensity and by the prevailing orientation towards the final consumer, while heavy industries are more capital-intensive and produce mainly inputs for other sectors.

Indeed the wide-ranging mechanization of Italian industry started only after Second World War. Both the share of mechanized plants and the HP/worker ratio increased first in the heavy industries and later, mainly during the 1960s, in the light ones. The traditional gap in capital intensity remained roughly constant until 1961, to shrink very quickly (without however disappearing) in the following two decades and to disappear in the next two decades. Yet, mechanization left behind a substantial number of plants.

It thus has the ambition to be as comprehensive as possible, obviously within the limitations of the source. Italian censuses provide data on: (a) employment and composition of the workforce by sex, age, skills and so on; (b) number of plants (under different denominations); (c) distribution of plants by size-class (measured by the number of workers); (d) motive power (total and by source); (e) total working time. The data are available for Italy as a whole, by regione (region), and, sometimes also by provincia (county) and for some major towns.

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