By Arne Ness
Arne Naess is taken into account some of the most vital philosophers of the 20 th century. He has been a enormously prolific writer, but his works as a complete have remained mostly unavailable – formerly. Springer made to be had for the 1st time, a definitive 10-volume choice of Arne Naess’s life’s works: the chosen Works of Arne Naess.
The chosen Works of Arne Naess (SWAN) provides a massive evaluation of Arne Naess’s considering and gives an in depth selection of this prolific philosopher’s important writings. a few of Naess’s most vital guides have by no means prior to been to be had in English. Many others are out of print. usually, his papers have been released in imprecise and inaccessible journals. and since Naess has been so prolific, lots of his most vital papers nonetheless stay unpublished. The e-book of SWAN makes Naess’s paintings extra totally available to students, scholars, and critics alike.
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Additional info for Deep Ecology of Wisdom (The Selected Works of Arne Naess, Volume 10)
209–26 (in SWAN IX). Another source for insightful material on Naess and A. J. Ayer (as well as six of their contemporaries) is a book created from debates by philosophers for Dutch National Television. See, especially, “The glass is on the table: An empiricist versus a total view,” in Reflexive Water: The Basic Concerns of Mankind, edited by Fons Elders (London: Souvenir Press, 1974), pp. 11–68 (in SWAN VIII). Finally, additional perspective was offered by an article that discusses Norwegian philosophy from the end of the Second World War to just before 1980: Arne Naess and Jon Hellesnes, “Norway,” in Handbook of World Philosophy Since 1945, edited by John Burr (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1980), pp.
For Naess the inevitable conclusion is that pluralism is inescapable and nothing to lament. He combines these points of view with a discussion of cultural anthropology to argue for the critical importance of supporting the flourishing of rich cultural diversity. Additional articles elaborating themes related to the significance of maintaining cultural diversity and its relationship to ecological sustainability appear in SWAN X. In The Pluralist and Possibilist Aspect of the Scientific Enterprise (SWAN xxxvii SERIES EDITOR’S INTRODUCTION IV), published in 1972, Naess suggests that scientific theories must be understood in the wider context of the plural rationalities from which they spring.
This notion, which has important implications for philosophy of science, is also embedded in Naess’s conclusion in Erkenntnis that knowledge is cognition—the content of knowledge and the activity of research cannot be cleanly separated. Naess uses his analysis to explicate three main themes of Spinoza’s system: the importance of a notion of uncoerced freedom (not coerced by externals), the importance of developing and acting on strong emotions to make progress in achieving higher levels of freedom, and the importance of joy that activates the complete person (as opposed to joy that simply activates part of the body or the soul).