By Dennis Upper and Joseph R. Cautela (Eds.)
Read or Download Covert Conditioning PDF
Similar cognitive books
They're tiny. they're tall. they're grey. they're eco-friendly. They survey our international with huge, immense sparkling eyes. To behavior their stunning experiments, they creep in at evening to hold people off to their spaceships. but there's no facts that they exist in any respect. So how may possibly somebody think she or he was once kidnapped by way of extraterrestrial beings?
Anderson deals systematic and obtainable presentation of the theoretical foundations of upper psychological techniques, with every one very important proposal made concrete through particular examples and experiments. targeting wisdom illustration because the imperative factor of cognition examine, the booklet emphasizes a data processing method of the sector, yet deals thorough insurance of the cognitive neuroscience technique in addition (extensively up to date for this edition).
Im Zuge der dynamischen und teils turbulenten Entwicklungen auf den Finanzmärkten und innerhalb des Bankensystems erprobt die Politik neue Formen der Regulierung und des Umgangs mit Komplexität und Nichtwissen. Für den Bereich der Bankenregulierung arbeitet Sven Kette anhand der examine des gewichtigen Regulierungsstandards ‚Basel II’ die Funktionslogik eines solchen kognitiven Modus der Gouvernanz heraus.
Out of all of the human senses, contact is the person who is normally unappreciated, and undervalued. but, the outside of the human physique, the outside, is absolutely one large sheet of tactile receptors. It offers us with the capacity to connect to our environment. regardless of the $64000 position that imaginative and prescient performs in our daily lives, it's the pores and skin that constitutes either the oldest, and through a ways the biggest of our experience organs.
- The psychology of the language learner : individual differences in second language acquisition
- The Open Mind: Cold War Politics and the Sciences of Human Nature
- Perceptual and Emotional Embodiment: Foundations of Embodied Cognition Volume 1
- Moral Psychology, Volume 4: Free Will and Moral Responsibility
- AI and Cognitive Science ’91: University College, Cork, 19–20 September 1991
Additional info for Covert Conditioning
Covert sensitization sessions are not begun until two or three weeks have passed, in order to obtain some kind of baseline in terms of the eating habits. The therapist is especially concerned with four factors when he reads over the client's eating behavior of the previous week: (1) nature of the food, (2) when he eats (with special concern for eating between meals), (3) how much he eats, and (4) where he eats. At first covert sensitization is applied to sweets of all types, especially to foods with heavy carbohydrate content, and then to between-meal eating.
52 Treatment of Smoking 53 treatment of smoking behavior and present some studies in which covert sensitization has been utilized. DESCRIPTION OF PROCEDURE The general procedure of employing covert sensitization to treat maladaptive approach behaviors has been described in two previous papers (Cautela, 1966, 1967). In the covert sensitization procedure, the client is instructed to imagine he is about to engage in the maladaptive behavior. Then he is instructed to imagine that he is receiving a noxious stimulus (usually the feeling of nausea and vomiting).
There are two factors that could account for this. (1) The habit strength for the alcoholic responding is much 42 Covert Conditioning higher because of the large number of reinforcements possible within a given day. The number of homosexual contacts one can make, or the number of times a car can be stolen are relatively small by comparison. (2) The drive-reducing properties of alcohol are quite strong because of the physiological effect alcohol has on the nervous system. So even though one could argue that, if you count every mouthful of food as a reinforcement, it is possible to have as many reinforcers in a given day as are possible with drinking, it is unlikely that food as a rule has the strong reducing properties of alcohol.