Communalism, Caste and Hindu Nationalism: The Violence in by Ornit Shani

By Ornit Shani

Belligerent Hindu nationalism, observed by way of ordinary communal violence among Hindus and Muslims, has develop into a compelling strength in Indian politics over the past 20 years. Ornit Shani's ebook examines the increase of Hindu nationalism, asking why designated teams of Hindus, deeply divided by means of caste, mobilised at the foundation of unitary Hindu nationalism, and why the Hindu nationalist rhetoric concerning the probability of the impoverished Muslim minority was once so persuasive to the Hindu majority. utilizing proof from communal violence in Gujarat, Shani argues that the expansion of communalism was once no longer easily as a result Hindu-Muslim antagonisms, yet was once pushed through intensifying tensions between Hindus, nurtured through alterations within the family members among castes and linked nation regulations. those, in flip, have been usually displaced onto Muslims, hence allowing caste conflicts to enhance and deepen communal rivalries. The e-book bargains a problem to prior scholarship at the upward push of communalism, in order to be welcomed through scholars and execs.

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1 March 1991, p. 77. Also see Akhil Gupta, ‘Blurred Boundaries: The Discourse on Corruption, the Culture of Politics, and the Imagined State’, American Ethnologist, vol. 22, no. 2, 1995, pp. 375–402. Joel S. ), State Power and Social Forces: Domination and Transformation in the Third World, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994, p. 3; Migdal, ‘Studying the State’, in Mark Irving Lichbach and Alan S. ), Comparative Politics: Rationality, Culture and Structure, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997, pp.

I, p. 82. Meera Mehta, ‘Urban Housing Processes and the Poor: A Case Study of Ahmedabad’, Nagarlok, vol. 14, no. 2, April–June 1982, p. 108. Manesh Bhatt and V. K. Chawda, ‘Housing the Poor in Ahmedabad’, Economic and Political Weekly, 8 May 1976, p. 709. The number of slums in the old city was not high because this area was already very dense. In the western side of the river the density of slums was low. About 46 per cent of the slums were erected before 1963 and about 24 per cent between 1968 and 1972.

It centres on the points and processes where the exchanges between state and society converge. The making of state redistribution policies, for example, as well as their discourse and implementation, is always subject to power struggles by various groups within the society and various components within the state. In the effect of these struggles state and society impinge on each other in many, and often intricate, ways. At the conjunction of these interactions the boundaries between state and society become blurred.

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