Cognitive Approaches to Neuropsychology by Debra L. Long, Arthur C. Graesser (auth.), J. Michael

By Debra L. Long, Arthur C. Graesser (auth.), J. Michael Williams, Charles J. Long (eds.)

Since its early improvement, neuropsychology has tested the way during which cognitive talents are mediated by way of the mind. fudeed, all of neuropsy­ chology, and particularly medical neuropsychology, may be subsumed below this basic research. besides the fact that, a number of components impeded the shut as­ sociation of neuropsychologists and cognitive/experimental psychologists. those elements have been sought after affects in either camps, which saved the learn of cognition clear of a attention of organic foundations and saved neuropsychology theoretically impoverished. in recent times, those elements have decreased and "cognitive neuropsychology" has turn into a favored time period to explain the hot activities to hitch the research of cognition with the learn of mind functionality. the standards which stored those parts separate have been manifestations of his­ torical traits and characterize a social distance which principally occurred via acci­ dent. the 1st and maybe most vital issue was once that early investigators of cognition and mind functionality weren't psychologists. such a lot have been neurolo­ gists or otlier neuroscientists who have been very good observers of habit fol­ lowing mind harm yet had nearly no theoretical context of cognitive psy­ chology, which might let them extend and deepen their figuring out of the habit they have been staring at. As extra psychologists who've this kind of context have saw the results of mind problems, specially aphasia and amnesia, the research of them has turn into way more finished as theo­ ries of language and reminiscence derived from cognitive psychology were included into the investigations.

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J. ), Cognitive approaches to neuropsychology, New York: Plenum. 45 46 Chapter Three It is now common for patients recovering from closed head injury to spend an extended period of time in a rehabilitation program, often supervised by a clinical psychologist. The opportunity for extended detailed observation of their classroom and extracurricular performance makes patients participating in such programs ideal subjects for relating attentional imbalances to disturbances in everyday behaviors. As a step toward investigating this relationship, six patients undergoing therapy at the Head Injury Resource Center of Washington University were tested with several standard neuropsychological tests and three special attentional paradigms sensitive to attentional deficits in patients with unilateral lesions.

This pattern of errors cannot be explained by assuming that KH calculated each answer individually. KH's performance raises some issues that are not easily explained in the acalculia literature. First, how can KH's difference in error rate be explained? There were more errors in the right lower quadrant of the multiplication table than any other place on the table. Or stated another way, is retrieving the product of 3 x 2 the same or a different process than retrieving the product for 9 x 8? Second, KH's errors were often products related to the correct product.

1979). The acalculias. In KM. Heilman and E. ) Clinical Neuropsychology. New York: Oxford University Press. 128-140. McCloskey, M. Caramazza, A & Basili, A. (1985). Cognitive mechanisms in number processing and calculation: Evidence from dyscalculia. Brain and Cognition, 4, 171196. , Sokol, S. & Goodman, A (1986). Cognitive processes in verbal-number production: Inferences from the performance of brain-damaged subjects. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 115, 307-330. M. (1972). Temporal aspects of simple multiplication and comparison.

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