Cellulose. Molecular and Cellular Biology by Jr.; R.M. Brown, Jr.; R.M. Brown; I.M. Saxena

By Jr.; R.M. Brown, Jr.; R.M. Brown; I.M. Saxena

Cellulose: Molecular and Structural Biology is an updated treatise at the so much complex and provocative study into the biosynthesis, constitution, and purposes of nature s such a lot plentiful macromolecule and renewable source, cellulose.

Molecular, biochemical, and evolutionary facets of cellulose biosynthesis are reviewed in quite a few dwelling organisms, together with cyanobacteria, eubacteria, (Acetobacter, Salmonella, and E. coli), vascular crops (including Arabidopsis, woodland bushes, and maize), and tunicates.

Phylogenetic research, molecular genetics, and the opportunity of metabolic engineering also are presented.

Novel structural methods contain the macromolecular constitution of the synthesizing devices, the terminal complexes in addition to the cellulose product in its many types also are integrated. Novel functions utilizing cellulose comprise shrewdpermanent fabrics, carbonised cellulose, and biomedical applications.

First hand details from the major researchers distinguishes this paintings from different books on cellulose.

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Extra info for Cellulose. Molecular and Cellular Biology

Example text

The complete mitochondrial DNA sequence of Mesostigma viride identifies this green alga as the earliest green plant divergence and predicts a highly compact mitochondrial genome in the ancestor of all green plants. Mol Biol Evol 19:24–38.

2000) and A. xylinus (Saxena and Brown, Jr. 1995; Umeda et al. 1999), both of which have linear TCs (Brown, Jr. et al. 1976; Grimson et al. 1996). However, consideration of the structure and mechanism of action of processive β-glycosyl transferases, has raised the possibility that two CesA subunits cooperate to synthesize a single glucan chain (Carpita and Vergara 1998; Saxena et al. 2001). Thus, distinct CesA subunits working in concert may be required so that each monomer added to the elongating glucan chain is rotated 180° compared to its neighbor (Perrin 2001; Vergara and Carpita 2001) or different subunits may be required to catalyze chain initiation and elongation (Peng et al.

2004; Burton et al. 2004; Djerbi et al. 2004; Liang and Joshi 2004). This lead to speculation that all rosettes are 28 Alison W. Roberts and Eric Roberts heterotrimers (Doblin et al. 2002). The apparent absence of orthologs of AtCesA4, 7 and 8 in P. patens indicates that the evolution of the triad is more recent. A further implication is that secondary cell wall deposition in tracheary elements is a highly specialized process, involving functionally specialized CesA proteins. To date, it is not clear whether the diversification of the CesA gene family in land plants was a precondition for, or a consequence of, the evolution of tracheary elements with secondary cell walls.

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