Bypasses: A simple approach to complexity by Z. A. Melzak

By Z. A. Melzak

Demonstrates the best way to ``bypass'' a fancy challenge by means of breaking it down into a number of much less complicated conjugant questions and fixing those less complicated, part components. Explores the makes use of of conjugancy in study, as a unifying instructing machine that exploits similarities and analogies throughout all technical fields, and as a device of invention and discovery.

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J. ), Cognitive approaches to neuropsychology, New York: Plenum. 45 46 Chapter Three It is now common for patients recovering from closed head injury to spend an extended period of time in a rehabilitation program, often supervised by a clinical psychologist. The opportunity for extended detailed observation of their classroom and extracurricular performance makes patients participating in such programs ideal subjects for relating attentional imbalances to disturbances in everyday behaviors. As a step toward investigating this relationship, six patients undergoing therapy at the Head Injury Resource Center of Washington University were tested with several standard neuropsychological tests and three special attentional paradigms sensitive to attentional deficits in patients with unilateral lesions.

This pattern of errors cannot be explained by assuming that KH calculated each answer individually. KH's performance raises some issues that are not easily explained in the acalculia literature. First, how can KH's difference in error rate be explained? There were more errors in the right lower quadrant of the multiplication table than any other place on the table. Or stated another way, is retrieving the product of 3 x 2 the same or a different process than retrieving the product for 9 x 8? Second, KH's errors were often products related to the correct product.

1979). The acalculias. In KM. Heilman and E. ) Clinical Neuropsychology. New York: Oxford University Press. 128-140. McCloskey, M. Caramazza, A & Basili, A. (1985). Cognitive mechanisms in number processing and calculation: Evidence from dyscalculia. Brain and Cognition, 4, 171196. , Sokol, S. & Goodman, A (1986). Cognitive processes in verbal-number production: Inferences from the performance of brain-damaged subjects. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 115, 307-330. M. (1972). Temporal aspects of simple multiplication and comparison.

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