Biotextiles as medical implants by Martin W. King

By Martin W. King

Textiles play a necessary position within the manufacture of varied clinical implants together with the alternative of diseased or non-functioning elements of the physique. Biotextiles as clinical implants presents a useful unmarried resource of knowledge at the major kinds of fabric fabrics and items used for clinical implants. Chapters within the first a part of the ebook are interested in the manufacture, homes and kinds of biotextiles used for clinical functions, whereas the second one a part of the booklet offers a concise evaluate of a number of the clinical purposes of biotextiles, together with stents, drug supply structures and scientific sutures. The ebook is a useful reference for brands, designers, manufacturers of fabric implant fabrics. it's going to even be of curiosity to pros in the healthcare undefined, together with scientists, nurses and scholars.

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However, there are several materials that cannot withstand the minimum high temperatures required while maintaining their intended function, and these, therefore, must be sterilized using other methods discussed below. 2 Chemical sterilization Chemical sterilization has been used as a reliable method, but it presents its own set of challenges. The major concerns are (1) the possibility that the sterilant will react with the polymer material being sterilized; (2) the toxic effect of residual chemicals left on the product; and (3) operator safety associated with the exposure to a sterilant.

Especially with the advent of absorbable polymers, the industry must be cognizant of selecting a sterilization method that provides effective treatment without compromising the properties of the material. 2 gives an introduction to bioburden on textiles and the basic principles of sterilization for medical implants in general. 3. The advantages and disadvantages associated with the more common or traditional sterilization methods, namely, ethylene oxide (EO) sterilization and radiation sterilization, are discussed.

Biotextile prostheses and closure products, such as surgical sutures, must have certain physical, mechanical and biological performance characteristics. There is a hierarchy of structure in developing these products, and thus their physical and mechanical performance as well as their chemical stability characteristics can be controlled by engineering the structure at the © Woodhead Publishing Limited, 2013 xxxiv Introduction polymer, fiber and textile assembly levels. Most products can be fabricated using one or more of the three long-established technologies of the textile industry; namely weaving, knitting and braiding.

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