Biological Exuberance: Animal Homosexuality and Natural by Bruce Bagemihl

By Bruce Bagemihl

Homosexuality in its myriad types has been scientifically documented in additional than 450 species of mammals, birds, reptiles, bugs, and different animals around the globe. organic Exuberance is the 1st entire account of the topic, bringing jointly exact, obtainable, and nonsensationalized info. Drawing upon a wealthy physique of zoological study spanning greater than centuries, Bruce Bagemihl indicates that animals have interaction in every kind of nonreproductive sexual habit. Sexual and gender expression within the animal global monitors exuberant sort, together with same-sex courtship, pair-bonding, intercourse, and co-parenting--even circumstances of lifelong gay bonding in species that don't have lifelong heterosexual bonding.

Part 1, "A Polysexual, Polygendered World," starts off with a survey of homosexuality, transgender, and nonreproductive heterosexuality in animals after which delves into the wider implications of those findings, together with a worthy viewpoint on human variety. Bagemihl additionally examines the hidden assumptions at the back of the way in which biologists examine usual platforms and indicates a clean viewpoint in line with the synthesis of up to date medical insights with conventional wisdom from indigenous cultures.

Part 2, "A Wondrous Bestiary," profiles greater than one hundred ninety species within which clinical observers have famous gay or transgender habit. each one profile is a verbal and visible "snapshot" of 1 or extra heavily comparable chicken or mammal species, containing the entire documentation required to aid the author's usually arguable conclusions.

Lavishly illustrated and meticulously researched, choked with interesting proof and superb descriptions of animal habit, organic Exuberance is a landmark ebook that would switch endlessly how we glance at nature.

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They make their escape with the fleece and, after further adventures, return to Greece as husband and wife. Once again, "love" has conquered all. Told in this fashion, the story of Jason and Medea is easily understandable in terms of our modern assumptions about love and sex. We find it admirable that Medea would give up her Either and country for love. Our sexual idealism tells us that such intense sexual passion is a good, perhaps the Good, in comparison to which all other goods become insignificant, and for the attainment of which any sacrifice is justified.

Herodotus says that the Spartan Pausanias, commander of the combined Greek forces that defeated the Persians at Plataea in 479, had an "eros" to be a tyrant over all of Greece, a desire that led him to marry a Persian princess. Once again, sex is found implicated in other irrational and destructive desires, here the lust for political power beyond the accepted bounds of the city-state whether oligarchic or democratic. Even the "objective" Thucydides can take advantage of these connotations of the word.

Once more the phrasing and imagery are Homeric. Homer, telling of the time the bowman Heracles shot Hades during some shadowy dispute perhaps arising out of Heracles' filching of the infernal watchdog Cerberus, uses a similar expression, "pierced with pains," to describe the god's suffering from Ms arrow wound. Literary references, though, serve to communicate better the experiences of life. Archilochus's reference to bones being pierced recalls for us Alexander's wound and suggests that the poet's metaphor reflected a common painful reality for ancient warriors.

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