Archbishop Anselm 1093-1109: Bec Missionary, Canterbury by Sally N. Vaughn

By Sally N. Vaughn

St. Anselm's archiepiscopal occupation, 1093-1109, spanned the reigns of 2 kings: William Rufus (1087-1100) and the early years of Henry I (1100-1135). because the moment archbishop of Canterbury after the Norman Conquest, Anselm strove to increase the reforms of his instructor and mentor at Bec, and his predecessor at Canterbury, Archbishop Lanfranc (1070-1089). Exploring Anselm's thirty years as previous and abbot of the big, wealthy, Norman monastery of Bec, and instructor in its college, this e-book notes the wealth of studies which ready Anselm for his archiepiscopal occupation. Anselm's highbrow strengths as a instructor, thinker and theologian are tested; his very hot theological texts, together with his renowned Prayers and Meditations, prompted his statesmanship as he handled conflicts with the constantly adverse King William Rufus. Sally Vaughn argues that Rufus' demise stimulated Anselm's competition with King Henry I, and fostered a extra subdued and civil clash among Anselm and Henry, which ended with cooperation among king and archbishop on the finish of Anselm's existence: king and archbishop yoked jointly as oxen pulling the plow of the church throughout the land of britain. a last bankruptcy reports Anselm's top of strength as an exceptional administrator over Canterbury and Primate over the church buildings of all Britain, within which place his fans defined him as 'Pope of one other world'. the ultimate part contains a choice of unique resource fabric together with archiepiscopal letters drawn essentially from Lambeth Palace Library.

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Anselm’s Letters,” American Benedictine Review 35 (1984), 249–266. 27 Walter Fröhlich, “The Letters Omitted from Anselm’s Collection of Letters,” AngloNorman Studies 6 (1984), 58–71. 28 Niskanen, The Letter Collections, 16; Southern, too, ignored completely Cantor’s book. Both Southern and Fröhlich focused their arguments on Schmitt’s research. 29 Vaughn, Anselm of Bec and Robert of Meulan, 1987. 30 Niskanen, The Letter Collections, 17. 31 Niskanen, The Letter Collections, 17. 32 Southern, A Portrait in a Landscape, 473–476.

William wrote two major works useful to us here, Gesta regum anglorum, and Gesta pontificum anglorum. The first is a history of the kings of England, and the second is a history of the bishops and archbishops—the pontiffs—of England. William follows Eadmer to a certain extent, and thus had access to Historia Novorum, which, as we have said, survives in only a single example, Eadmer’s own copy. 82 Clearly Historia Novorum did not enjoy a wide circulation, whereas Vita Anselmi did, surviving, like Anselm’s letters (and also his prayers and meditations), in large numbers of manuscripts.

Marjorie 2 3 Chibnall, 6 vols (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1969–1980), 2:293–294 says that Anselm arrived at Bec laden with “the treasures of Egypt,” which he identifies as the learning of secular philosophers. 4 GP, 1:110–111. 5 Gilbert Crispin, Vita Herluini, edited in J. Armitage Robinson, Gilbert Crispin, Abbot of Westminster (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1911), 87–110; here at p. 100. For translation, see Sally N. Vaughn, The Abbey of Bec and the Anglo-Norman State (Boydell Press, Woodbridge, 1981), 67–86.

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