An Introduction to Phonetics by Parviz Birjandi and Mohammad Ali Salmani-Nodoushan

By Parviz Birjandi and Mohammad Ali Salmani-Nodoushan

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The tongue makes contact either with the front teeth, or with the alveolar ridge directly above them. /ŋ/ is a velar nasal. The configuration of the mouth is very close to that of the corresponding velar stop /k/ and /g/. With the tongue tip resting against the lower teeth, the back of the tongue makes contact with the soft palate. But as the soft palate is lowered (to allow air to flow through the nasal cavity), the tongue's movement is more important for the nasal than for the oral sound. 6. AFFRICATE An affricate is a plosive immediately followed by a fricative in the same place of articulation.

In its minimal form, a syllable consists of a vowel. In addition to the vowel a syllable may consist of one or more consonants that appear on either or both sides of the vowel. In some languages like Japanese, most often the syllable is composed of one consonant followed by one vowel. These languages are called syllabic languages. In syllabic languages, each syllable is represented by a symbol (called syllabary) in the writing system. The word TOYOTA from the Japanese language for example includes three syllables: TO, YO, and TA.

Street ONSET str SYLLABLE pant speak ant scram striped an splints ants pants CHAPTER TWO ONSET 25 6. Write the coda of each of the following syllables in the spaces provided. If the syllable has no coda, write Ø. The first one has been done as an example for you. : street CODA t SYLLABLE CODA pant speak ant scram striped an splints ants pants 7. Define the following terms briefly. 26 complimentary distribution allophone ease of Pronunciation broad transcription diacritics narrow transcription sporadic features coda transcription onset sound segment syllabary phonetic alphabet syllable phoneme minimal pair CHAPTER TWO CHAPTER THREE TRADITIONAL ARTICULATORY PHONETICS 1.

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