By Committee to Review the National Nanotechnology Initiative, National Research Council
The nationwide Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) used to be created in 2000 to concentration and coordinate the nanoscience and nanotechnology examine and improvement (R&D) actions being funded by way of a number of federal enterprises. the aim of the NNI is to marshal those learn actions with a purpose to speed up in charge improvement and deployment of nanotechnology for fiscal gain and nationwide safety. To take inventory of the growth of the NNI, Congress, in P. L. 108-153, the twenty first Century Nanotechnology study and improvement Act, directed the nationwide examine Council to hold out a evaluation of this system each 3 years. This file offers the result of the 1st of these experiences, which addresses the industrial effect of nanotechnology advancements and gives a benchmark of U.S. R&D efforts relative to these undertaken via international opponents. furthermore, the record bargains an evaluate of the present prestige of liable improvement of nanotechnology and reviews at the feasibility of molecular self-assembly.
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Featuring physical facilities, equipment, instrumentation, technical expertise, and necessary operating personnel, the centers bring together researchers with a wide range of expertise in an array of disciplines. User facilities are powerful and efficient vehicles for broadening access to the scientific and technical resources currently funded by federal support from NNI-participating agencies. They are particularly important to the nanoscale science and technology community owing to the equipment-intensive nature of much of the characterization and processing of nanomaterials.
18 Having seen evidence of positive impacts of their efforts to date, the committee believes that the working groups and other outreach and coordination efforts stimulated by and established under the NNI have made a considerable contribution to coordination of R&D efforts in pursuit of realizing the full potential of nanotechnology. Solicitation of New Inter- and Intra-agency Collaborative Research A significant impact of the NNI has been the development of new collaborations across agencies and between different units within agencies that are conducting R&D relevant to the broad goals articulated by the NNI, as signified by announcements on the Web for programs such as the following:19 • Nanotechnology Research Grants Investigating Environmental and Human Health Effects of Manufactured Nanomaterials (2004), a program organized by the EPA, NSF’s Engineering Directorate, NIOSH, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), that sought proposals for investigating the potential implications of nanotechnology and manufactured nanomaterials for human health and the environment.
They are the Department of Agriculture (USDA), Department of Defense (DOD), Department of Energy (DOE), Department of Homeland Security (DHS), Department of Justice (DOJ), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), National Institute of Standards and Technology Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. 5 0 0 0 234 Major Research Facilities and Instrumentation Acquisition Nanomaterials NSF DOD DOE HHS (NIH) DOC (NIST) NASA USDA EPA HHS (NIOSH) DOJ DHS TOTAL Fundamental Nanoscale Phenomena and Processes TABLE 1-1 2006 Planned Agency Investments by Program Component Area (in $ millions) 60 2 1 8 1 0 1 4 3 2 0 82 344 230 207 144 75 32 11 5 3 2 1 1,054 may not add due to rounding.