A Cognitive Grammar of Japanese Clause Structure by Toshiyuki Kumashiro

By Toshiyuki Kumashiro

This quantity represents the 1st complete paintings on eastern clause constitution performed in the framework of Cognitive Grammar. the writer proposes schematic conceptual buildings for the foremost structures within the language and defines jap case marking and grammatical relatives in only conceptual phrases. The paintings therefore makes a powerful case for the conceptual foundation of grammar, thereby constituting a powerful argument opposed to the autonomy of syntax speculation of Generative Grammar.
The quantity may be of curiosity to any researcher wishing to understand how Cognitive Grammar, whose fundamental concentration has been at the non-syntactic features of language, can clarify the clausal constitution of a given language in a close, complete, but unifying demeanour. as well as its theoretical findings, the quantity features a variety of revealing analyses and interpretations of eastern information, which will be of serious curiosity to all jap linguists, without reference to their theoretical persuasions.

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Chapter 1. Introduction In a predication sentence such as (6), while the second nominative nominal acts as both predicate- and clause-level subject, the initial nominative nominal only functions as clause-level subject, controlling only reflexive binding. 3 The conceptual basis of case marking The third goal of the present work is to provide support for the claim that syntax has a conceptual basis. g. 6 The common conception that case markers are semantically empty is ascribed to the fact that they do not contribute any concrete semantic contents describable by an objectivist approach to semantics based on truth conditions (cf.

The other is extension, which contains some conflicting specifications between the two structures. 3 (adapted from Langacker 1990a: 271) describes a simple network comprising only three senses. The prototypical sense at the bottom left is enclosed in a box with heavy lines, which signifies a heightened degree of entrenchment. An extended sense on its right is connected by a dashed-line arrow indicating the extension relationship. A schematic sense is sketched above the two senses and connected to them by solid-line arrows symbolizing the instantiation relationship.

Pro and proarb v. Quantifier float We examine each of these five tests and conclude that only reflexive binding and subject honorification should be adopted in the present work. g. Harada 1976; Shibatani 1977): (2) Subject honorification a. Sensei-ga Hanako-ni Taroo-o go-shookai-ninat-ta. ’ 26 A Cognitive Grammar of Japanese Clause Structure b. *Taroo-ga Hanako-ni sensei-o go-shookai-ninat-ta. ’ c. *Taroo-ga sensei-ni Hanako-o go-shookai-ninat-ta. 1 Note that these sentences contain three participants: sensei ‘teacher’ and two students, Taroo and Hanako.

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